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Cedrela odorata

Spanish Cedar, Cedro amargo

Spanish cedar is a deciduous tree ranging from medium to large. Its young bark is smooth gray but becomes furrowed and sometimes turns to brown with small buttresses with age. It is native from Mexico down to South America and the West Indies.  The flowers and fresh cut wood have a distinctive garlic-like smell.  

Benefits Desirability: 

Cedro amargo line the streets of San José. This tree has a pink reddish wood.  It is valued by construction and wood workers. Cigar box and guitar makers as well as others appreciate its unique qualities. It is  lightweight, easy to work with and it is insect and rot resistant.

Plant Characteristics

Dimensions at Maturity
  • Height: 35 to 40 M


 Leaves are alternately pinately compound growing in 5-7  leaflet pairs, size 7-14 cm long each.  

March through August, and December 


The woody flowers are moth pollinated tubular shaped and cream/green colored. The flowers have a distinctive garlic-like smell.Male and female flowers grow on the same tree. 

Bloom Cycle
April through June 

Additional Information

Natural Associations

Found at sea level  to 1200 m elevation, in the dry forests of the Pacific coast, in other forests on the Pacific and Carribean. Dry forest associations are: pochote (Bombacopsis quinata) and yellow cortez (Tabebuia ochracea). Central Valley assoc


Because of the popularity of the wood this tree is classified as threatened but could change to endangered. The mahogany shootborer (Hypsipyla grandella) can be a pest to young saplings.

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